(Wetzel Lab members underlined)

Cinto Mejia, E., and W.C. Wetzel. Submitted. The importance of timing for the ecological consequences of extreme climate events.

Hauri, K.C., A.E. Glassmire, B. Randall, L. Zehr, and W.C. Wetzel. In minor revision. Plant chemical diversity and its frequency have distinct but complementary effects on insect foraging. Journal of Applied Ecology.

Robinson, M., A.L. Schilmiller, and W.C. Wetzel. In minor revision. Domestication has altered within-plant trait variability and diversity. Ecology and Evolution. Preprint on bioRxiv:

Wetzel, W.C. 2021. Plants as epigenetic mosaics: harnessing variability to thrive in a variable world. New Phytologist 231: 1667-1669. doi: 10.1111/nph.17476 (pdf)

Wetzel, W.C. 2021. Evolutionary Ecology of Plant–Herbivore Interaction edited by Juan Núñez-Farfán and Pedro Luis Valverde. Quarterly Review of Biology 96: 138. doi: 10.1086/714456 (pdf) (book review)

Hauri, K.C., A.E. Glassmire, and W.C. Wetzel. 2021. Chemical diversity rather than cultivar diversity predicts natural enemy control of herbivore pests. Ecological Applications 31: e02289. doi: 10.1002/eap.2289 (pdf)

Glassmire, A., L. Zehr, and W.C. Wetzel. 2020. Disentangling the dimensions of phytochemical diversity: alpha and beta have contrasting effects on herbivore performance. Ecology 101: e03158. doi: 10.1002/ecy.3158 (pdf)

Holyoak*, M., and W.C. Wetzel*. 2020. Variance-explicit ecology: A call for holistic study of the consequences of variability at multiple scales. In A. Dobson, R. D. Holt, and D. Tilman (eds.), Unsolved Problems in Ecology. (pp. 25-42). Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. (*equal authorship) doi: 10.2307/j.ctvs9fh2n.7 (pdf)


Pearse, I., E. LoPresti, R.N. Schaeffer, W.C. Wetzel, K.A. Mooney, J.G. Ali, P.J. Ode, M.D. Eubanks, J.L. Bronstein, and M.G. Weber. 2020. Generalizing indirect defense and resistance of plants. Ecology Letters 23: 1137-1152. doi: 10.1111/ele.13512 (pdf)

Wetzel, W.C. and S.R. Whitehead. 2020. The many dimensions of phytochemical diversity: linking theory to practice. Ecology Letters 23: 16-32. doi: 10.1111/ELE.13422 (pdf) (supplement) (data) (Recommended as “Exceptional” by the Faculty of 1000)

Leach, H., S. Van Timmeren, W.C. Wetzel, and R. Isaacs. 2019. Predicting within- and between-year variation in activity of the invasive spotted wing Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in a temperate region. Environmental Entomology 48: 1223-1233. doi: 10.1093/ee/nvz101 (pdf)

Wetzel, W.C., H.M. Kharouba, M. Robinson, M. Holyoak, and R. Karban. 2019. Plant trait covariance and nonlinear averaging: a reply to Koussoroplis et al. Rethinking Ecology 4: 115-118. doi: 10.3897/rethinkingecology.4.32767 (pdf)

Wetzel, W.C., and M.H. Meek. 2019. Physical defenses and herbivory vary more within plants than among plants in the tropical understory shrub Piper polytrichum. Botany 97: 113-121. doi: 10.1139/cjb-2018-0160 (pdf) (Highlighted in Botany’s “Editor’s Choice”)

Wetzel, W.C., N.C. Aflitto, and J.S. Thaler. 2018. Plant genotypic diversity interacts with predation risk to influence an insect herbivore across its ontogeny. Ecology 99: 2338-2347. doi: 10.1002/ecy.2472 (pdf)

Wetzel, W.C. and J.S. Thaler. 2018. Host-choice reduces, but does not eliminate, the negative effects of a multi-species diet for an herbivorous beetle. Oecologia 186: 483-493. doi: 10.1007/s00442-017-4034-x (pdf)

Wetzel, W.C., H.M. Kharouba, M. Robinson, M. Holyoak, and R. Karban. 2016. Variability in plant nutrients reduces insect herbivore performance. Nature 539: 425-427. doi: 10.1038/nature20140 (pdf) (supplement) (data) (Radio interviews on NPR Capital Public Radio and Washington Ag Network; Press coverage on Science Daily,, Farming UK, Plant Science Today, United Press International, Nature World News, and 13 other outlets; Recommended by the Faculty of 1000)

Karban, R., W.C. Wetzel, K. Shiojiri, E. Pezzola, and J. Blande. 2016. Geographic dialects in volatile communication between sagebrush individuals. Ecology 97: 2917-2914. doi: 10.1002/ecy.1573 (pdf)

LoPresti, E.F., R. Karban, M. Robinson, P. Grof-Tisza, and W.C. Wetzel. 2016. The natural history supplement: furthering natural history amongst ecologists and evolutionary biologists. The Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 97: 305-310. doi: 10.1002/bes2.1239 (pdf)

Wetzel, W.C. and J.S. Thaler. 2016. Does plant trait diversity reduce the ability of insect herbivores to defend against predators? The plant variability-gut acclimation hypothesis. Current Opinion in Insect Science 14: 25-31. doi: 10.1016/j.cois.2016.01.001 (pdf)

Wetzel, W.C., R. Screen†, I. Li†, J. McKenzie†, K. Phillips†, M. Cruz†, W. Zhang†, A. Greene†, E. Lee†, N. Singh†, C. Tran†, and L. Yang. 2016. Ecosystem engineering by a gall-forming wasp indirectly suppresses density and diversity of herbivores on oak trees. Ecology 97: 427-438. doi: 10.1890/15-1347.1 (pdf) (†undergraduate mentee)

Spawton†, K.A., and W.C. Wetzel. 2015. Gall-insect community on big sagebrush varies with plant size but not plant age. Environmental Entomology 44: 1095-1100. doi: 10.1093/ee/nvv087 (pdf) (†undergraduate mentee)

Wetzel, W.C. and D.R. Strong. 2015. Host selection by an insect herbivore with spatially variable density-dependence. Oecologia 179: 777-784. doi: 10.1007/s00442-015-3378-3 (pdf)

Karban, R., W.C. Wetzel, K, Shiojiri, S. Ishizaki, S. Ramirez, and J. Blande. 2014. Deciphering the language of plant communication: volatile chemotypes of sagebrush. New Phytologist 204: 380-385. doi: 10.1111/nph.12887 (pdf)

Wetzel, W.C. 2014. Density-dependent recruitment structures a heterogeneous distribution of herbivores among host plants. Ecology 95: 2894-2903. doi: 10.1890/14-0190.1 (pdf) (data) (Winner of the Ecological Society of America Outstanding Student Research Award 2014)

Hammock, B. and W.C. Wetzel. 2013. The relative importance of drift causes for stream insect herbivores across a canopy gradient. Oikos 122: 1586-1593. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2013.00319.x (pdf)

Karban, R., K. Shiojiri, S. Ishizaki, W.C. Wetzel, and R. Evans. 2013. Kin recognition affects plant communication and defense. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 280: 20123062. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2012.3062 (pdf)

Cal Ag cover

Wetzel, W.C., I. Lacher, D. Swezey, S. Moffitt, and D. Manning. 2012. Survey and landscape analysis reveal potential consequences of Williamson Act for rangeland conservation. California Agriculture 66:131-136. doi: 10.3733/ca.v066n04p131 (pdf) (Journal cover story)

Meek, M., A. Wintzer, W.C. Wetzel, and B. May. 2012. Climate change likely to facilitate the invasion of the non-native hydroid, Cordylophora caspia, in the San Francisco Estuary, CA. PLoS ONE 7: e46373. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046373 (pdf)

Chong, G., W.C. Wetzel, and M. Holloran. 2011. Greater sage-grouse of Grand Teton National Park: Where do they roam? Park Science 27: 42-49.